Brain surgery is a type of neurosurgery conducted in order to treat various disorders that affect the brain, such as brain tumors, hemorrhages, or aneurysms. Brain surgery history has been quite long, with a very interesting evolution throughout the centuries. Today, it is one of the most advanced types of surgery and an inherently delicate one due to the fact that it involves the most complex human organ. But let’s take things from the beginning.
Brain Surgery History
Brain surgery is one of the oldest types of surgery performed on humans. Brain surgery history dates a long way back, with evidence suggesting that it had already been practiced as of the Neolithic period (circa 10000 BC). In fact, archaeologists in France have uncovered remains of human skulls which bore evident signs of brain surgery. What’s more, evidence in the form of unearthed skulls and primitive surgical tools found in South America suggests that Pre-Incan civilizations had been practicing brain surgery for the treatment of mental illnesses and head injuries as early as 2000 BC.
Accounts of brain surgery dating back to as early as 3000 BC have also been discovered in Africa. The procedure has been described in ancient Egyptian papyruses, which are the first documents to make use of the word ‘brain’ to describe this vital part of the human body. While the ancient Egyptians’ knowledge on the issue was relatively limited, it was nonetheless an important contribution to the evolution of brain surgery techniques.
Brain surgery history shows that the techniques used and the scientific knowledge about the human brain continued to evolve over the ancient Greek and Roman years, all the way through the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and finally, the modern era.
Brain surgery today
Thanks to the ever-improving scientific understanding of the human brain, brain surgery today bears little resemblance to the somewhat grotesque procedure it once was. It has continually evolved throughout the years and has reached a point where it can now be performed routinely with excellent chances of success. Advances in medical technology have allowed scientists to map the brain with extreme precision and use devices of pinpoint accuracy, such as lasers and other computer-guided tools, to access the most sensitive areas of the brain and perform the delicate tasks required.
Furthermore, whereas in the past the term ‘brain surgery’ would automatically translate into a heavily invasive procedure, it is worth noting that surgery today can even take the form of a minimally invasive procedure. For instance, endoscopic techniques may be used for the treatment of hematomas or the repair of cerebrospinal fluid leaks.
All in all, even though it is typically needed for the treatment of relatively severe conditions, brain surgery today is a safe type of surgery which, more often than not, will have excellent results. To be updated about new innovations in brain surgery or its equipment, must visit brain-surgery.com, they bring latest information regarding brain surgery, tumor, cancer and more.
Preparation before brain surgery
There are many things that need to be in done in preparation before brain surgery. Some of the items on the checklist are necessary medical tests, while others are specific steps that the patient needs to follow on his/her own. Typically, the patient may need to undergo medical exams such as a heart function evaluation, an MRI, CT or EEG scan in order to pinpoint the site of surgery, as well as some extra tests to determine their current and average cerebral blood flow levels.
In preparation before brain surgery, it is important to be fully honest with your doctor and let him know every single detail about your health, such as whether you are on any prescribed medication or on any non-prescription drugs, whether you’re taking any dietary supplements, whether you have any chronic conditions (like allergies), and so on. It is important that your doctor knows the exact state of your health, as even what seems to you like a minor detail could make a world of difference to the outcome of the procedure.
In the hours immediately preceding brain surgery, you may be required to take some special medication and refrain from food and drink so that your brain is in an optimal state in preparation before brain surgery.
Brain surgery recovery
After the surgery is complete, the brain surgery recovery period begins. During this time, the health care team that conducted the procedure will be closely monitoring your overall state and, particularly, the function of your nervous system. To evaluate this, your doctor may subject you to some simple brain function tests.
For instance, you may be asked some simple questions so that your cognitive function can be assessed. You might also be asked to carry out a few simple motions, or might have a light source directed at your eyes in order to have your reflexes tested.
Brain surgery recovery period and patient prognosis depend on the specific type of surgery and the severity of the condition that is being treated. You will typically be required to stay under hospital care for up to two weeks after brain surgery. During your brain surgery recovery period, your head will usually be kept in a raised position to reduce swelling, and you may be administered special medication to relieve pain. Additionally, physiotherapy may be required in an effort to restore damaged nerve functions.
Brain surgery today is highly successful, with only a 2% risk (may vary based on the stages) of serious postoperative problems. However, the percentage varies depending on the specific type of surgery required and the condition from which the patient is suffering. Sometimes, it could be that the procedure is relatively serious but the condition is grave; at other times, it could be that in an equally serious condition, the surgical procedure itself is also very complicated. And at other times, it may all be a very simple and straightforward affair with absolutely minimal associated risks.
Nevertheless, it is important to remain positive; brain surgery is only conducted in order to repair damage to your brain that, if left unattended, would cause far more serious problems. How much information you wish to know about it is up to you, but you should remember that in medical matters, it is important to make an informed decision.
And while a patient will typically be full of anxiety and anticipation before brain surgery, it is worth remembering that the whole procedure is done for their own good. The best advice is to look up to the postoperative recovery period and to simply consider how much better the patient’s life will be after brain surgery.