Orthopedic surgeon and neurosurgeon for spinal surgery

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One of the most common questions when patients think of spinal surgery is, "What better, neurosurgeon or orthopedic surgeon in the spine?" The quick answer is that most types of spine surgeries are specially trained by orthopedists and neurosurgeons. This article explains the similarities and differences between the two specialties and provides additional recommendations for choosing a bone surgeon.

Neurosurgeons and orthopedic surgeons can specialize in spinal surgery

Several years ago, neurosurgeons were the main cause of spinal surgery. Over the past 20-25 years, neurosurgeons and orthopedic surgeons have specialized in spinal surgery, and spinal surgery has developed in a way that is also suitable for spinal surgery. More common.


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Surgeons can specialize in both areas, e.g. B. Specialists in pediatrics, cervical spine, lumbar spine, wrist and wrist surgery or plastic surgery or other fields.

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  • Neurosurgery

A neurosurgeon or osteopathic medicine practitioner can obtain a residence permit for a period of five to six years, focusing on surgical treatment of neurological disorder. Neurosurgeons are trained to diagnose and treat diseases:


  • The brain
  • Spine and spinal cord
  • Nervous state
  • Intracranial and intraspinal vascularization

Some neurosurgeons specialize in brain surgery, others in spinal surgery, and some share their practice with one another.

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Orthopedist versus neurosurgeon for spinal surgery

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Orthopedic surgeon

Orthopedic surgeons can be doctors (MD) or osteopaths (DO) who have received five years of specialized surgical training in the treatment of muscle disorders. Orthopedics specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of bone and joint diseases, for example


  1. Spinal Diseases
  2. Arthritis
  3. Sports injuries
  4. Shock
  5. Bone tumors
  6. Hand wounds and deformities
  7. Complete the joint replacement

Some orthopedic surgeons focus their practice solely on spinal surgery, others on different joints (e.g. hips, knees, shoulders) and others divide their practice into two or more areas.


Neurosurgeons and orthopedic surgeons may receive scholarships for most vertebral surgeries. However, many types of spinal surgery are generally more deserving than specialists, such as:


In the past, Subject expert orthopedic surgeryLinks to an external site. have tended to improve spinal deformities such as scoliosis and other types of spinal deformities. Today, many neurosurgeons are trained in deformity surgery.

Neurosurgeons are more effective in intradural operations (spinal cord operations) such as sacral bone tumors.


Spinal Scholarship

Orthopedic surgeons and neurosurgeons can expand their training after being hospitalized by completing a spine scholarship program. These scholarships provide additional specialized training for orthopedic surgeons and neurosurgeons who have successfully completed their training as a trainee and have received certification or qualification in their area of ​​expertise.


Mark, a surgeon with a spine scholarship, specializes in spinal surgery and wants to invest more in training to gain more experience.


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This was not the only reason. About 15-20 years ago, spinal surgery or orthopedic surgeons or neurosurgeons were planning a spine scholarship, and often there were no other alternatives. If surgeons who have practiced for a long time specialize in their spinal surgery practice, they may have received additional training in their practice and may not receive scholarships.

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